With our industry partners we have long-standing refining expertise. AMIRA has successfully delivered a number of refining projects throughout the world, ranging from conceptual, technical and economic studies to revamps, expansions and world-scale new builds. We deliver high quality, cost-effective solutions and offer large expert engineering resources available in the industry. This strength, coupled with our global network of engineering partners, allow us to mobilize large teams very quickly to meet the most demanding schedules.

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Oil Refinery Development and Construction Milestone Phases:


  • Complete Contracting process for study: PHASE 1
  • Funding in place for study: PHASE 1
  • Technical, commercial & regulatory study: PHASE 1 (Complete)
  • Independent 3rd party review of study PHASE 1 conclusions (Complete)
  • Sanction to Proceed to PHASE 2
  • FEED: PHASE 2 (Complete)
  • Detailed Design: PHASE 3 (Complete)
  • Procurement: PHASE 4 (Complete)
  • Construction: PHASE 5 (Complete)
  • Commissioning: PHASE 6 (Complete)
  • First oil: PHASE 7

Study: PHASE 1

  • Surveys & data gathering. Geographical, geotechnical, infrastructure etc. (Genesis/Nexus or similar)
  • Conduct technical, commercial & regulatory study: PHASE 1
  • Determine HSE sensitivities
  • Produce Project development plan
  • Determine technical & commercial feasibility within P10 – P50 – P90 parameters
  • Create budget estimates for each project phase
  • List assumptions, risks & uncertainties
  • Compile study report & gather conclusions
  • Conduct independent 3rd party review of study PHASE 1 conclusions
  • FEED (Front End Engineering Design): PHASE 2
  • Civil works
  • Structural
  • Hydrocarbon transportation systems
  • Utility systems
  • Control, safety & loss prevention systems
  • Loading systems
  • Fiscal Metering
  • Production/process facilities
  • Licenses, permits & consents applications

FEED (Front End Engineering Design): PHASE 2

  • Civil works
  • Structural
  • Hydrocarbon transportation systems
  • Utility systems
  • Control, safety & loss prevention systems
  • Loading systems
  • Fiscal Metering
  • Production/process facilities
  • Licenses, permits & consents applications

Detailed Design: PHASE 3

  • Civil works
  • Structural
  • Hydrocarbon transportation systems
  • Utility systems
  • Control, safety & loss prevention systems
  • Loading systems
  • Fiscal Metering
  • Production/process facilities
  • Engage certification society and independent 3rd party verification company
  • Create construction work packs
  • Create operations & Maintenance procedures
  • Environmental impact statement
  • Operational safety case

Procurement: PHASE 4

  • Create procurement plan
  • Identify equipment vendors
  • Establish vendor approval process
  • Order long lead equipment & machinery
  • Create vendor audit & visit schedule
  • Expedite equipment delivery

Construction: PHASE 5

  • Establish fabrication & construction services contracts
  • Establish construction camps & facilities
  • Ensure all safety and technical training and qualifications are up to date and applied
  • Establish civil works infrastructure
  • Establish logistics and consumable supply lines
  • Deliver construction equipment and equipment support services
  • Commence construction
  • Create commissioning work packs

Commissioning: PHASE 6

  • Develop commissioning plan & schedule
  • Engage commissioning sub contractors & service providers
  • Establish plant mechanical completions systems & procedures (GOC)
  • Conduct commissioning activities according to plan using commissioning work packs
  • Create certification packs
  • Conduct operator training program
  • System hand over to operations

First Oil: PHASE 7

  • Calibrate and commission fiscal metering systems
  • Purge & pressurize hydrocarbon envelope
  • Issue Production operations notices (PON)
  • Verify operation of all safety, fire & explosion prevention & protection systems
  • Ready to operate

Oil Drilling

Our Industry Partners have also established own training facility comprising an International Well Control Forum (IWCF) Assessment Center where they organize IWCF-certified Well Control courses, IADC-certified RigPass courses, and Enform (formerly PITS) certified H2S Alive courses. Our Industry Partners School also provides courses for roughnecks, floormen, derrickmen, assistant drillers, drillers, mud operators and other oil field personnel.


  1. Provide integrated and individual services and meet our customers’ requests and expectations.
  2. Expand, renew and update equipment and technology
  3. Cooperation with local companies in target countries
  4. Form partnerships with other drilling and service companies as well as with operators
  5. Development of key personnel by in-house training and knowledge transfer
  6. Continually improve all aspects of Health, Safety, Environment and Quality as well as expand the management Information System
  7. Strengthen our market position and enhance growth of our activities on existing markets and win new markets
  8. Improve efficiency and profitability and ensure growth of the Company


The most important Policy Statements are to provide:

  1. Quality Management System Policy Statement
  2. Health and Safety Policy Statement
  3. Environmental Policy Statement

Compliance integrity, within appropriate regulatory frameworks, against the specifications required by the client and the applicable codes and standards for the equipment or deliverable being produced.

Certification of the equipment by the chosen or appropriate certifying authority’s Quality Assurance of all elements of the delivery process: such as:

  1. Drilling Services
  2. Workover Services
  3. Well Services
  4. Engineering and Maintenance
  5. Project quality planning and auditing
  6. Procedural compliance for engineering, procurement and construction activities
  7. Material compliance
  8. Testing and measurement compliance
  9. Certification validity verification
  10. Operability of the deliverable
  11. Reliability of the deliverable
  12. Suitability and sufficiency of the deliverable for the intended operational context
  13. A.T development
  14. Commissioning procedures
  15. Management of Change
  16. Document Management and Control
  17. Training and “handover to operations” interface management
  18. Qualifications of personnel
  19. Contractual Integrity
  20. Commercial Integrity
  21. Permits and consents applications
  22. Logistics

HSE Integrity

  • Project HSE plan production
  • Procedural education and compliance
  • Training and certification of personnel
  • PPE compliance
  • Safety auditing and measurement
  • Risk assessment
  • Technical safety engineering
  • Safety equipment and systems engineering
  • IPF/SIL assessment (where appropriate)
  • Registers of safety related devices etc.

Amira with our Industry Partners provides, applies and manages the proper planning and reporting of the project from contract award to “hand-over to operations” using a range of planning tools.

Oil Block Development

Amira team of experts is readily available to evaluate and translate into commercially viable investment opportunities of positional oil blocks. Upon selection of potential producing properties requiring initial steps to generate funding capital needed to undertake stages of Exploration, Development and Production;

Exploration is an activity to search underground for the purpose of oil and gas discovery, and evaluate it in the case of discovery. Once a licensed block is acquired, several surveys are conducted, such as terrestrial geological surveys, aerial photographs, satellite images, gravity/magnetic survey and seismic surveys, before decision of drilling well. After evaluating the potential of oil and gas fields in the licensed block, using the data from these surveys, drilling location for exploration well is selected and set as the prospective point. In case that oil and/or gas is confirmed by the drilling well as discovery, an appraisal well is drilled sequentially to evaluate the extent of the oil and gas discovery such as, 2D and 3D seismic data to substantiate extent of potential reserves and relative technical data needed to evaluate hydrocarbon commercial potential by;

  1. Proven reserves
  2. Probable reserves
  3. Possible reserves
  4. Drilling depth
  5. All other

Development is in act to prepare to produce oil and gas, in the case the oil and gas field is decided to be commercially developed after evaluation of the oil and gas reservoir and their reserves volume. Design and construction of the oil and gas processing, pipeline, storage and offloading facilities, and drilling of production wells, are carried out in this stage.In case of developing large gas field, it is examined whether LNG (liquefied natural gas) is adopted as development option or not. LNG project requires construction of large scale liquefied plant and exporting facilities, therefore, simultaneously the action to maintain long term customers is inevitable. In case of developing extra heavy oil like oilsand in Canada, we occasionally build upgrader (reforming device) to convert from low-grade heavy oil to high-grade light oil.

  1. Test well drilling
  2. Organize or purchase of publicly traded shell Company
  3. Operational funding for underwriter for issuance of prospectus, shares and legal registrations and Stock Exchange Listings
  4. Third party opinion discoveries documentation
  5. Infra structure building and development
  6. Farm out
  7. Sale of shares

Production of crude oil and natural gas, after trial operation of the facilities, starts through the production facilities which are constructed in development stage. Subsurface reserves volume of oil and gas fields gradually decreases as production continue, therefore, it is indispensable to try to secure a new interest of licensed blocks continuously for future discovery of oil and gas field.

Definition of oil reserves – Oil reserves are primarily a measure of geological risk – of the probability of oil existing and being producible under current economic conditions using current technology. The three categories of reserves generally used are proven, probable, and possible reserves.

Proven reserves – defined as oil and gas “Reasonably certain” to be producible using current technology at current prices, with current commercial terms and government consent- also known in the industry as 1P. Some Industry specialists refer to this as P90 – i.e. having a 90% certainty of being produced.

Probable reserves – defined as oil and gas “Reasonably Probable” of being produced using current or likely technology at current prices, with current commercial terms and government consent – Some Industry specialists refer to this as P50 – i.e. having a 50% certainty of being produced. – This is also known in the industry as 2P or Proven plus probable.

Possible reserves – i.e. “having a chance of being developed under favorable circumstances” – Some industry specialists refer to this as P10 – i.e. having a 10% certainty of being produced. – This is also known in the industry as 3P or Proven plus probable plus possible.

Reserve booking – Oil and gas reserves are the main asset of an oil company – booking is the process by which they are added to the Balance sheet. This is done according to a set of rules developed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). The Reserves of any company listed on the New York Stock Exchange have to be stated to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. In many cases these reported reserves are audited by external geologists, although this is not a legal requirement. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission rejects the probability concept and prohibits companies from mentioning probable and possible reserves in their filings. Thus, official estimates of proven reserves will always be understated compared to what oil companies think actually exists. For practical purposes companies will use proven plus probable estimate (2P), and for long term planning they will be looking primarily at possible reserves. Other countries also have their national hydrocarbon reserves authorities for example, Russia’s State Commission on Mineral Reserves (GKZ), to which companies operating in these countries have to report.